Pearson Learning.pptx - Learning Chapter 5 Learning Any...

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Learning Chapter 5
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Learning Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice
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Learning Conditioning Process of learning associations between stimuli and behavioral responses Sometimes referred to as Stimulus- Response learning
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Classical Conditioning
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Classical Conditioning: Basic Elements Human Being and/or Animal Neutral Stimulus Any stimuli that does not trigger a predictable reaction
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Classical Conditioning: Paradigm Note basic elements and order of classical conditioning Before conditioning NS During conditioning Pair the NS with the UCS to produce the UCR After conditioning CS produces the CR
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Classical Conditioning: Rule of Thumb CS must come before UCS CS and UCS must come very close together in time The NS must be paired with the UCS several times (exception being with intense negative emotions) The CS is usually some stimulus that is distinctive from competing stimuli
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Classical Conditioning: Stimulus Properties Stimulus generalization Responding to a stimulus similar to the CS that elicits the CR Stimulus discrimination Not responding to a stimulus that is significantly different from the CS Extinction The CS loses it ability to trigger the CR Spontaneous recovery The short lived re-appearance of a CS- CR that has previously been extinct
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Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery
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Higher-Order Conditioning You pair an NS with an established CS to elicit the CR
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