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Music of Pakistan Research Paper.doc

Music of Pakistan Research Paper.doc - TheMusicalCultureof...

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The Musical Culture of Pakistan,  And the Western World’s Influence By Nathaniel Parks
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2 Political and Physical Geography of Pakistan Pakistan is a large country located in the Indian Subcontinent. It borders India on  the east and Afghanistan on the West. It was initially called Sindu Supta and India  meaning “Land of Indus.”  Music of Pakistan The music of Pakistan dates back thousands of years to the time of Sindu Supta  and India. We don’t know much about this music, other than it existed. We have evi- dence of its existence through statues of dancing girls, as well as musical pots found in  Moen Jo Daro.  As time progressed, Pakistan saw many invaders and began to include  bits of these people’s culture into their own. Eventually, Islam began to take hold in Pak- istan. Since Pakistan has a very strong Muslim heritage, it would make sense that the  music of Pakistan is very much related to Islam; however, this is not the case. Pakistani  music was able to develop separately from Islam, as music is disapproved of in Muslim  Orthodoxy. This freedom from religious ideology allowed the music in the region to flour- ish into a fine art.  As Pakistani music began to develop, the leader of the nation, Direc- tor General Z. A. Bukhari, created Radio Pakistan in 1947. This was, at one point, the  only major cultural institution in the country. It was based on the model of All India Ra- dio, which was a colonial version of the British Broadcasting Corporation. Radio Pak- istan functioned as a hub for classical music in the area. It also had several rural sec- tions that broadcast folk songs to the surrounding regions. Mostly “light music” instru- ments were used, namely the  tabla sarangi , harmonium,  sitar , clarinet, and bowed  strings.  Iqbaliat , a national choral music based on the Urdu verses of the national poet, 
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3 Muhammad Iqbal, was also showcased on Radio Pakistan. Sufi qawwali was one of the more lasting styles of music broadcast by Radio Pakistan, and was broadcast on televi- sions from the 1960’s onward. Qawwali is one of two major devotional styles of music  used by the Pakistani people. The second style is called Kafi.(Arnold, A)  After the loss of East Pakistan, now called Bangladesh, in 1971, there was a  push to nationalize regional music so that Pakistani heritage could be preserved. This  led to the development of the the National Institute for Folk Heritage, also called the  Lok Virsa . It was a model institution with a broad mandate to preserve the country’s musical  heritage. It was tasked with carrying out research, and documenting the country’s tradi-
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  • Spring '14
  • JamesM.Whitfield
  • Music, Music Theory, Qawwali, Qawwali Music, Nusrat Fateh Ali, Kafi, Khan. Qawwali music

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