Ethiopians in the United States.docx

Ethiopians in the United States.docx - ETHIOPIAN IMMIGRANTS...

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Zak Stearnes ITS3410 3-3-2018 ETHIOPIAN IMMIGRANTS TO THE UNITED STATES
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1 Ethiopia Ethiopia is a country located in Eastern Africa, on the north edge what is called the Horn of Africa. The Horn of Africa itself holds a few countries besides Ethiopia, including Somalia, Kenya, Djibouti and the tiny independent country of Eritrea which was once part of Ethiopia. The people of Ethiopia, as a people, are called Ethiopians, while they come from many different cultures and distinct racial groups. Due to the complex history of the region, a typical Ethiopian may have ancestors from sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, the middle east or Europe (Where, 2015). In the last century, the people of Ethiopia, and its former territory of Eritrea, have seen much turmoil and warfare. This upheaval has brought many people of Ethiopian heritage to the US, along with their rich culture and history (Ethiopian, 2018). The history of Ethiopia is the history of humanity. In 2015, a jawbone of one of the earliest dated humans was unearthed in Ethiopia, giving rise to new insights into where our species first delineated from the line of other great apes (Ghosh, 2015). Ethiopians know this story well, and they themselves claim the right to call themselves the first people (A. Arehart, personal communication, 2018, February 26). Ethiopia is both the oldest independent country in Africa and the last African country to fall to European colonization efforts (Ethiopia, 2015). Ethiopia has existed in one form or another for about 3 thousand years with evidence of kingdoms dating back to at least the 10 th century BC. It’s believed to be the only sub-Saharan county to have had access to the Mitterrandian cultures of the ancient world such as Egypt, Greece and Rome, Persia and Babayan (Ethiopia, 2015). It’s
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1 thought that the Kush kingdom, often cited by the ancient Egyptians was in fact an Ethiopian kingdom (History, 1999). Due to its location, Ethiopia is a major trading center at the crossroads of the middle east, sub Saharan Africa and Asia. Due to the nature of trade and interaction with many other cultures, different dialects and subcultures within the borders of Ethiopia sprang up. While the current official language is Amharic; Arabic, English, Italian and a blend of different local languages can be heard on the streets of modern Ethiopia (Ethiopia, 2015). The Birth of Modern Ethiopia In modern times, especially in the last 150 years, Ethiopia has played as a central figure in the story of Africa. Its location and wealth made Ethiopia a prime target of European colonization efforts during the age of exploration, yet all attempts at domination by the west were thwarted. The last attempt at colonization before the turn of the 20 th century was by the Italians (History, 1999). While fighting a 3-front war against the Turks, Egyptians and Italians, the Ethiopian empire managed to fend off and throw out the invading forces in the last decade of the 19 th century at the battle of Adwa in 1896 (History, 1999). From this, Ethiopia was prevented from Invasion and the Italian colony of Eritrea was birthed.
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  • Winter '17
  • Ethiopians

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