HISTORY
6.0 - 1865-1877.pdf

6.0 - 1865-1877.pdf - Southern Reconstruction and...

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Southern Reconstruction and Trans-Mississippi Expansion (Use with America’s History , Chapters 14 and 15 ) 1865-1877
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National Developments, 1865-1877 1865: The Civil War ends - the Southern Confederacy is defeated, slavery ends, and the Union is preserved Former slaves do NOT receive permanent civil rights 1865-1877: Reconstruction the South preserves White Supremacy at the cost of 80 years of Southern economic underdevelopment (the “Jim Crow Era” after the 1890s) 1862-3: Congress and President Lincoln implement legislation to aid in the development of the Trans-Mississippi West 1863-1869: The first transcontinental railroad (Central U.S.), followed by Northern and Southern TCRRs (finished 1883) 1873-1877: a depression briefly slows the American economy
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Reconstruction, 1865-1877 Chapter 14
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Reconstruction : an Overview Period immediately following the American Civil War A failed attempt to provide permanent political rights for freed slaves Defeated by a combination of Protracted violent resistance of Southerners (“the Klan”) Gradual waning of Northern states’ commitment to ensure equal political rights for the “freedmen” Reconstruction produces three Constitutional Amendments 13 th , 14 th , 15th Amendments Each of these were neutralized during the “ Jim Crow Era from the 1890s, preserving White Supremacy in the South
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The “Three Rs” of 1865 -1877 Restoration Lincoln’s and later Johnson’s “soft” approach, abandoned for... Reconstruction (which does not actually occur) The “Radical Republican” approach triggered after 1867 by the Southern “black codes” and President Johnson’s erratic behavior Creates the “Reconstruction Amendments” to the Constitution, which are neutralized by the Supreme Court but are later rehabilitated by the 1964-5 Civil Rights and Voting Rights Acts Redemption (which does actually occur) “Redeemer” governments take charge after the Compromise of 1877 to defend Southern home rule and White Supremacy
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Readmission of Southern States into the Union
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