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CAS Reading Response 1.docx

CAS Reading Response 1.docx - CAS 100 Dr Wiltberger...

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CAS 100 Student’s name: Austin Dycus Dr. Wiltberger Reading Response Sheet Name of text: Diverse Ethnic and Cultural Practices Author of text: Beatriz Cortez & Douglas Carranza Mena What is the main idea/thesis/argument in this text? Central America is filled with a plethora of ethnic and cultural identities, but some of these groups and their practices fall victim to the surmounting problem of racism and the violation of their most basic rights. Provide explanations of five supporting ideas, evidence, and examples used by the author(s) to support the main idea. (If this is not a scholarly research article, but instead a piece of creative literature, film, radio interview, news story, etc., then break the work down into sections to explain the series of important events/ideas presented in the story, documentary, interview, episode, etc.). 1. The first point Cortez and Mena bring up about diversity in Central America is how it is widely looked down upon by those in power. Those who hold such opinions are largely Ladino, fighting primarily for their culture to be on top. Their argument revolves around the idea that a diverse society and multiple indigenous cultures are holding the nations back. Cortez and Mena elaborate: “Throughout the modern history of Central American nations, many have often perceived diversity as an obstacle for progress. In contrast, a homogeneous Ladino/Mestizo national identity has been presented as the ideal for the national subject in order to implement modernity and to bring progress to these nations.” 2. The many different ethnicities of Central America have had to struggle since the colonial era due to false pretenses created by the spanish to make Europeans the culturally and biologically superior people. Although many aspects of diversity were amplified by these means, it has also generated a great deal of resistance to the homogeneous model. Cortez and Mena put it: “Although these biological ideas have been discredited they continue to support modern and contemporary arguments on socio-political, economic and religious practices. Furthermore, this biological narrative has produced political agendas that have transformed some components of that rich diversity… However, the imposition of this narrative has also produced alternative discursive practices of resistance and challenge to this process of homogeneity.” 3. Since the colonial era, a social hierarchy has existed in Central America that places the Indigenous and Afro- Caribbean cultures at the bottom. They have been refused access to basic needs, had their rights to land contested, and their pleas have often gone unheard. Their culture has been practically erased by the dominant and overbearing Spanish, and later Ladino, cultures.
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