5-ANXIETY.pdf - ANXIETY UNGKU YASMIN SORAYA Anxiety is...

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ANXIETY UNGKU YASMIN SORAYA
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Anxiety is common, normal response to a preceived threat It is pathological when it is inappropriate - either there is no real source of fear - or the source is not sufficient to account for the severity of symptoms
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etiology Caused by combination of genetic, environmental, biological and psychosocial factors Increase NE and decrease GABA & serotonin Epidemiology Very common Lifetime prevalence: women 30%, men 19% Develop more frequently in higher socioeconomic groups.
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Type of anxiety disorder 1. Panis Disorder 2. Agoraphobia 3. Specific & social phobias 4. Obsessive - compulsive disorder 5. Post traumatic stress disorder 6. Acute Stress disorder 7. Generalized anxiety disorder 8. Anxiety disorder secondary to general medical condition 9. Substance induced anxiety disorder
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Panic Rapid onset of fear, terror, or discomfort accompanied by : Palpitations Abdominal distress Numbness, nausea Intense fear of death Choking, chills/hot flushes, chest pain, Sweating, shaking, SOB
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1 . PANIC DISORDER Panic attack + persistent fear of having additional attacks The criterias are: - spontaneous recurrent panic attacks with no obvious precipitant. - by one month or more of persistent concern about having additional attacks - worry about the significance of the attack - avoidance of situations in which the attacks occurred Occur average of 2 - 3 times per week, 20 - 30 mins
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Onset : late teens to early 30 s May affect any age group Women are twice as likely as men to suffer from PD Lifetime prevalence: 5 % for women , 2 % for men up to 14 % of cardiac patients have panic attacks Treatment : - in acute initial treatment = Benzodiazepine - maintenance
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  • Fall '15
  • mohamadmahmod
  • Social anxiety disorder, Posttraumatic stress disorder

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