10- management of mood disorder.pdf - management of mood...

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management of mood disorder Done by : talal al kayali 1
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Mood Disorderss Definition: Disorders characterized by mood disturbance ( the presence of mood episodes ). Mood episode :are distinct periods of time in which some abnormal mood is present like depression, mania , mixed- state , or hypomania 2
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Mood disorders : defined by their patterns of mood episodes . Major depressive disorder (MDD) Bipolar disorders (BD) Dysthymic disorder (DD) Cyclothymic disorder (CD) 3
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What causes depression??? Bio-Psycho-Social Etiology 4
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1) Biology Abnormalities in neurotransmission involving: 1. norepinephrine 2. Serotonin 3. Dopamine 4. possibly Acetylcholine. Genetics\familial: 1 st degree relative are at much higher risk. 5
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2) Psychology Significant losses Traumas Abuse neglect during development. Loss of a parent before the age 11 is life event most associated with development of depression. 6
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3) social recent stressful events = powerful predictor of depression. 7
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