LING1000 Past paper - :ff ~ THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG...

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:ff ~ * ¥ THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG LINGUISTICS: LINGlOOO AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE 14th December, 2016 9:30am-l l :30am Answer ALL questions in ALL sections. All your answers should be written in your a nswer booklet. The total time for this paper is 2 hours. Unless otherwise stated, short answers are normally required. Please tum over when instructed. I of 10
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Section A: What is Language? (10%) 1. Fill in the blanks (please write in the answer book- answers should be one or a few words) e) "Our ability to learn new languages decreases over time, thus suggesting a in language acquisition." Section B: Phonetics (10%) Answer the follow questions (please write in the answer book) 2. In one sentence, what is meant by the articulation process in human voice? 3. What three factors are used to describe a vowel? 4. Correct the error in these IPA transcriptions. There is only one error per word in the IPA. i) /sing/ ii) /d)gs/ iii) /cauld/ (sing) (dogs) (cold) iv) /kJa:ck/ v) /think/ vi) /miss/ 2of10 (crack) (think) (miss)
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5. Identify the consonants being produced in these diagrams. Use the corre ct IPA symbol between slanted brackets, e.g. /I/ Section C: Phonology (9%) Answer the fo ll ow questions (please write in the answer book) 6. For each of the following words in Eng li sh, make a valid minimal pair. IANT FOOL BIT 7. Here is some data showing the three different phonological representations to form regular past ten se in English .. ./-t/, / - d/ and /- I d/ or /ad/ talked [tJ:kt] played [p l e1d ] tainted [temt 1d] cracked [k.Jcekt] rubbed [.J/\bd ] fainted [femtrd] helped [he I pt ] brewed [ b.Ju:d ] sanded [scend1d] walked [wJ:k t] smiled [sma1ld] hated [he1 t1 d] punched [pAntftJ killed [kil d] weeded [wid rd] - faced [f e1 st ] sowed [ saud ] sounded [sau nd1d] Wh at det e nnin es th ese three past-tense phonological forms shown above? Show how you arrived at your answer. 3of 10
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Section D: Morphology (12%) 8. Swedish is a Germanic language whose morphological system marks nouns as singular, plural, indefinite (like English a/an), and definite (like English the). Consider the forms of the nouns below (presented in Standard Swedish spelling) and answer the questions which follow. en lampa 'a lamp' en bil 'a car' stolen 'the chair' bilar 'cars' en tidning 'a newspaper' kattarna 'the cats' lam pan 'the lamp' en katt 'a cat' bilen 'the car' soffor 'sofas' en stol 'a chair' tidningarna 'the newspapers' sofforna 'the sofas' bilarna 'the cars' katten 'the cat' lamporna 'the lamps' tidningen 'the newspaper' stolarna 'the chairs' kattar 'cats' en soffa 'a sofa' tidningar 'newspapers' soffan 'the sofa' lampor 'lamps' (i) What Swedish morpheme corresponds to the English indefinite article a/an (ii) What are the allomorphs of the (singular) definite morpheme in Swedish?
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