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Principle of Stare Decisis.docx

Principle of Stare Decisis.docx - Principle of Stare...

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Principle of Stare Decisis Initial issues brought up in a court setting starts precedence for future cases; therefore, judges must review previous arguments and consider the decision that was made in other like cases. The Latin term stare decisis means that the decision should remain the same. However, the phrase, “ Stare decisis is not an inexorable command” explains every issue is not set in stone, but the decision must maintain integrity in the law while having sufficient evidence if a decision goes against a previous case (Schmalleger & Hall, 2017). Due to changes over a period of time, no law should be unyielding or remain unadulterated because of the changes in society such as technology, social behaviors, and social institutions. Effect of Inexorable Command Inevitably, inappropriate social behaviors led legislators to make biting someone with your teeth simple assault; whereas, biting them with dentures will result in a charge of aggravated assault in the state of Louisiana (Atkinson, 2008). Personally, biting with dentures should be the lesser charge because less damage can occur if the individual pulls away removing the dentures from the person’s mouth. The mentioned law needs revision or removed from the state’s statutes. Frivolous laws will cause overcrowding in the state’s penal system if citizens are unable to pay the fines imposed by the judicial system. Higher Court Jurisdiction The judicial system is made up of a hierarchy of courts. The authority is needed to keep the legal system running efficiently because the lower courts are binding to the precedents of the higher courts. The higher court should adhere to the doctrine of stare decisis because the court has the authority to make an independent decision if a case’s facts are not similar to previous cases heard (Schmalleger & Hall, 2017). Case Comparison In the case of Payne v. Tennessee, the court upheld the decision of the lower court because it did not violate Payne’s Eighth Amendment to have the victim’s family
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members to testify during the sentencing phase of a murder trial. Precedence had been set in previous cases that allowed non-family members to provide testimony; therefore, why should Payne’s situation be any different (Schmalleger & Hall, 2017).
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  • Fall '17
  • Law, Statutory rape, Hooker Chemical Company, Higher court, rape laws, inexorable command, case comparison, youth sex offenders

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