Existentialism&Humanism-Heyward.docx

Existentialism&Humanism-Heyward.docx - Philosophies...

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Philosophies: Existentialism & Humanism LIBERTY UNIVERSITY T EACHING T OOL FOR G ROUP P HILOSOPHY EDUC 305-C01 BY JONATHAN HEYWARD FEBUARARY 26, 2018
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Philosophies: Existentialism & Humanism Foreword Due to the complex relationship between Humanism and existentialism they will both be address on their own merit. For any insight into whom proceeded whom or whom is or isn’t a part of whom an individual would be best served reading and analyzing Martin Heidegger’s Letter on Humanism and Jean-Paul Sartre’s Existentialism is a Humanism. An Introduction to Existentialism & Humanism The following hand-out is designed to introduce students and individuals to the basics of Humanism and Existentialism, primarily in the terminology and essence of both Humanism and Existentialism, the subgroups within the philosophies, and the several important individuals who have made an impact on the philosophies. Existentialism Existentialism is a philosophical framework with a diverse range of influences and theological conclusions but remains surprisingly coherent. The focus on Existentialism is the emphasis on individual following the recognition that the world is ultimately an empirical projection of our own perceptions - not just knowledge, but feelings, and dreams (Reynolds, 2). It is a rejection of an external determination of morality or value, including some conceptions regarding God or God all-together (Reynolds, 2). Ultimately it is the embrace of notion that to put meaning to an absurd world or existence is equally as absurd. Forms of Existentialism Kierkegaardian Existentialism- o Soren Kierkegaard, The “founder” of this philosophical framework was the Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) (Gaff, 2013) a Danish philosopher and theologian. Søren Kierkegaard authored 22 books, however his most influential were Either/or, Fear and Trembling, and Sickness unto Death. By the time he was twenty-two years of age 6 of his 7 brothers and sisters had died. This constant reminder of death heavily influenced his outlook on life (Garff, 2013). In Soren Kierkegaard’s worldview he saw countless incompatibilities and impossible choices. To him the only intelligent response to this dilemma was to laugh defiantly at it. He is the creator/popularizer of the word angest/angst. But despite his seemingly negative outlook there was one out when it came to the absurdity of the world: Religion, true Religion. While he loathed the Danish church, Kierkegaard saw God as a necessary belief, by stating that the tension between man and the Absolute (God), or what he called the “Absurd”,
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Philosophies: Existentialism & Humanism leads to anguish, and must be resolved by a qualitative leap(“leap of faith”), or surrendering to God’s will ( Hinkson, 2013 ). o Quotes “Marry, and you will regret it; don’t marry, you will also regret it; marry or don’t marry, you will regret it either way. Laugh at the world’s foolishness, you will regret it; weep over it, you will regret that too; laugh at the world’s foolishness or weep over it, you will regret both. Believe a woman, you will regret it; believe her not, you will also
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