ANT103-Lecture 4.pptx - ANT 101 INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL...

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ANT 101: INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY Lecture 4: Concept of Culture Dr. Bulbul Ashraf Siddiqi Assistant Professor Dept. of Political Science and Sociology
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What Does it mean to be part of one culture?
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WHAT IS CULTURE? Culture . . . is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society” (Tylor 1871/1958, p.1)
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Culture Culture is Integrated Culture is Learned Culture is Symbolic Culture is All- Encompassin g Culture is Shared Culture can be Adaptive/ mal adaptive And Finally, Culture is subject to change
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CULTURE IS LEARNED We learn culture experiencing new things Cultural learning depends on the unique human capacity of using symbols, signs. On the basis of cultural learning, people create, remember, and deal with ideas. Learning is conscious and unconscious. Culture is transmitted through observation cultural learning is uniquely elaborated among humans and that all humans have culture. “the psychic unity of man”: This means that although individuals differ in their emotional and intellectual tendencies and capacities, all human populations have equivalent capacities for culture. Regardless of their genes or their physical appearance, people can learn any cultural tradition. Cultures have been characterized as sets of “control mechanisms —plans, recipes, rules, instructions, what computer engineers call programs for the governing of behaviour” (Geertz 1973, p. 44).
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Enculturation The process by which culture is learned and transmitted across the generations.
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