GED18 - The GED Social Studies Test World History Paula...

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The GED Social Studies Test World History Paula Schaffner California Distance Learning Project www.cdlponline.org 1
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GED Video Partner #18 Passing the GED Social Studies Test A new world is not made simply by trying to forget the old . Henry Miller Video 18 Focus: themes in world history You Will Learn From Video 18: That waterways determined where civilizations developed. That walls defined but trade routes connected many cultures. That first gunpowder and then bombs revolutionized conflicts. That the printing press made democratic government feasible. That advances in energy, knowledge, and communication mark the 20 th century. That as world citizens, we have a responsibility to understand each others’ cultures and religions. Words You Need to Know: While viewing the video, put the letter of the meaning by the correct vocabulary word. Answers are on page 18. _____1. Mesopotamia a. periods of growth in arts & sciences _____2. Silk Road b. mixture of charcoal and saltpeter developed by the Chinese _____3. classic cultures c. time of awakening and building on classical scholarship _____4. renaissance d. seat of a series of civilizations, located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers _____5. gunpowder e. general term for pathways from China to Asia and Europe Points to Remember: We study history because it continues to shape today’s events. Knowledge of the nature and contributions of the great empires will help you comprehend GED history questions. Questions may be based on maps, photographs, or political cartoons. Read carefully, think critically, and consider all answer choices to assure your success. 2
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_________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Did You Catch That? Test your memory (or previous knowledge) of the following points made in Program #18 – Themes in World History. After your first viewing of the video, mark each statement below True or False. If False, write the correct information on the line below the statement. Watch the video again to check your answers, or look on page 18. T F 1. Both the Egyptians along the Nile River and the Indians in the Indus Valley were known for their development of medical practices. T F 2. Early cultures developed along rivers because people did not want to be bothered with irrigation or farming. T F 3. The Great Wall, built in the 15 th century in China’s Ming Dynasty, was China’s only protection against outside nomads. T F 4. Julius Caesar, a military strategist and political and social reformer who extended the Roman Empire, instituted political reforms that led to his own death. T F 5. When the British learned how to purify saltpeter for gunpowder and developed weapons that used it, the common people benefited most from the new technology. T F 6. During the Renaissance, Gutenberg invented a printing press with metal type that could print up to 300 pages per day, opening up writing in the vernacular.
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