U1L8+APMC+Passages.pdf - ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION...

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ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION SECTION I Time-1 hour Directions: This part consists of selections from prose works and questions on their content, form, and style. After reading each passage: choose the best answer to each question and then place the letter of your choice in the conesponding box on the student answer sheet. Note: Pay particular attention to the requirement of questions that contain the words NOT. LEAST, or EXCEPT. Questions 1-14. Read the following passage carefully before you choose your answers. (The following passage is from a contemporary British bock about the English language.) Most people appear fasciriated by word origins and the stories that lurk behind the stnlctures in our language. Paradoxically, they may consider that fz.„c change is fine as long as it's part Of history-anythng 5 occurring now is calamitous. We've always been this way. In 1653 John Wallis railed against the use of the word cfajckeJi as a singular noun. In 1755 Samuel Johnson wanted to rid the language of `1icentious idioms' and `colloquial barbarisms'. The sort of /a barbarisms he had inmind were words like „oveJ, cczpJ#re and #owczdcz)`S. Others were fretting about shortened foms like pcz#t.7 for pa#fczzoo#.7 and mob for J72cJb!.Ze vwJgws. More than five hundred years ago the printer Caxton also worried about the `dyuersite /5 & chaunge of langage'. Even two thousand years ago Roman verbal hygienists wei.e complaining about changes they saw happening in spoken Latin. Of course, this `bad' Latin continued to deteriorate until it fumed into French, Italian and Spanish. 2o Take a straightforward example. English shows a handy flexibility in being able to convert words to other parts of speech without the addition of any sort of prefix or sirffix. Such elasticity is an offshoot of the loss of inflection (endings added for grammatical 25 purposes). Curiously, this is a feature of English that's not appreciated by all, and many speakers are qui>ck to conde"i usziges such as to iinpact (on) and a big ask. New conversions often provoke hostility in this way. In the 1600s fo j#i;o!.ce (created from the noun) was a 3o horrid colloquialism. With time, such newcomers may come to sound as everyday as any venerable oldie, and the next generation of English speakers will be puzzling over what possible objections there could have been to them. By then, there'11 be new weeds j5 to eradicate. One such was reported to me by someone who overheard it in a Chinese restaurant. The waiter was praising a customer for having c`feapsfz.c'kecz so well. Will this verb catch on? Time will tell. 4u So what's really going on when people object to words and word usage in this way? Essentially, it's not a language matter we're dealing with here, but more a social issue. Words cagy with them a lot of social baggage, and typically it' s that which people 4j are reacting to. Many mles of language usage like `don't use "impact" as a verb' take their force from their cultural and social settir}g. People aren' I objecting to z'r#pflcf as a verb as such. It' s just that
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  • Winter '16
  • idk
  • Algebra, Student Answer Sheet, Roman verbal hygienists

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