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U1L8+APMC+Passages+for+LL.pdf

U1L8+APMC+Passages+for+LL.pdf - ENGLISH LANGUAGH AND...

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ENGLISH LANGUAGH AND COMPOSITION SECTION I I Time-1 hour Directions: This part consists of selections from prose works and questions on their content, form, and style. After reading each passage, c`hoose the best answer to each question and then place the letter of your choice in the corresponding box on the student answer sheet. Note: Pay particular attention to the requirement of questions that contain the words NOT, LEAST, or EXCEPT. Questions 1-14. Read the following passage carefully before you choose your answers. (The ftj{}owing passage is from a contemporary British book about the Engtish language.) Most people appear fascinated by word origins and the stories that lurk behind the structures in our language. Paradoxically, they may consider that Lz.7zg change is fine as long as it's part of history-anything 5 occurring now is calarmitous. We've always been this way. In 1653 John Wallis railed against the use of the word cfez.cke7£ as a singular noun. In 1755 Samuel Johnson wanted to rid the language of `1icentious idioms' and `co]]oquia] barbarisms'. The sort of Jo barbarisms he had in mind were words like 7zovez, cczpfz4re and 7towczczey5'. Others were fretting about shortened forms like pcz77£S for pcz72ZczZoo72S and 77tob for 77€obz`Ze vz4JgzdS. More than five hundred years ago the printer Caxton also worried about the `dyuersite J5 & chaunge of langage'. Even two thousand years ago Roman verbal hygienists were complaining about changes they sajw happening in spcken Latin. Of course, this `bad' Latin continued to deteriorate until it tuned into French, Italian and Spanish. 2o Take a straightforward example. English shows a handy flexibility in being able to convert words to other parts of speech without the addition of any sort of prefix or suffix. Such elasticity is an offshoot of the loss of inflection (endings added for grammatical 2J purposes). Curiously, this is a feature of English that's not appreciated by all, and many speakers are quick to condemn usages such as Zo I.773pczcZ (o7iJ and cz Z7z.g czsfa. New conversions often provoke hostility in this way. In the 1600s Zo I.73voz.cc (created from the noun) was a 3o horrid colloquialism. With time, such newcomers may come to sound as everyday as any venerable oldie, and the next generation of English speakers will be puzzling over what possible objechons there could have been to them. By then, there'11 be new weeds 35 to eradicate. One such was reported to me by someone who overheard it in a Chinese restaurant. The waiter was praising a customer for having cfeapsfz.cfaed so well. Will this verb catch on? Time will tell. 4o So what's really going on when people object to words and word usage in this way? Essentially, it's not a language matter we're dealing with here, but more a social issue. Words carry with them a lot of social baggage, and typically it' s that which people 45 are reacting to. Many rules of language usage like `don't use "impact" as a verb' take their force from their cultural and social setting. People aren't objecting to I.mpczcf as a verb as such. It' s just that
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