Targeting Cheat Sheet.docx

Targeting Cheat Sheet.docx - Targeting 1 TARGETING 1 Basics...

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Targeting TARGETING 1 Basics 1 Targeting of Objects: 1 Article 52.2 2 Article 48 2 Article 57.1(a) 2 Economic Targets 3 Prohibited Targets 3 Components of figuring out military objective: four possible ways (Article 52.2) 3 Putting the people back into the buildings 5 Precautions you must take 5 Three types of targets 5 1. Dangerous Forces 5 1
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Targeting Targeting Basics Common Article 2 IAC: lawful and unlawful(?) combatants may be targeted. Common Article 3 NIAC: individuals who may be targeted are (generally) any positively identified armed individual resisting anti-government forces— insurgents, insurrectionists, rebels, and revolutionaries. Targeting: process of selecting enemy objects to be attacked, assign priorities Targeting of Objects: LOAC four core principles: Distinction: At the heart of lawful targeting Military necessity Not to be confused with military advantage, which is all about tactical gains. Must be proportional. Unnecessary suffering Proportionality May dictate the timing of an attack to minimize collateral damage Article 52.2 Attacks shall be limited strictly to military objectives. Insofar as objects are concerned, military objectives are limited to those objects which by their nature, location, purpose, or use make an effective contribution to military action and whose total or partial destruction, capture, or neutralization must offer a distinct military objective o Must be: 1) must make an effective contribution to military action 2) its total or partial destruction capture or neutralization must offer a definite military advantage Exception: the definition of an “attack” o An attack is an act of violence against the enemy (can be defensive or offensive). Article 48 the parties to the conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants as well as between civilian objects and military objectives. 2
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Targeting Article 57.1(a) those planning an attack do everything feasible to verify that the objectives to be attacked are neither civilians nor civilian objects. ° Targeting: doesn’t matter if IAC or NIAC, almost the same across the board ° Economic Targets Can be legit military objectives AS LONG AS they effectively support military operations and if attacking them provides a definite military advantage. $$$ War, so no money, then no funding for war Examples include: oil production refineries—pipelines, refineries, etc.
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