U4.docx - Compare and contrast Spartan and Athenian...

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Compare   and   contrast   Spartan   and   Athenian   societies.   Describe,   for   example, differences in culture, government, economy, treatment of women, etc. To begin with in the culture, Spartan is very simple. It doesn’t really have contact with outside world. Their boys are forced to join the training. They focus more on the military side. However, in Athens, people focus on education. In field of government, Spartan is technically ruled by diarchy, but the power of the two kings was limited by 5 ephors, who advised the kings while Athens is ruled by Archons; there is a total of governing body of 9 archons and all of them are from noble families: a archon basileus, a polemarch, a eponymous archon and six judicial officials. In Spartan, kings will rule until they die or be forced out of position while in Athens, an archon is limited to one year in office. In addition, Spartan society is organized as an oligarchic, militaristic society, by contrast, Athens introduces the first
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