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To what extent does the Republican system of government reflect the Romans’ reluctance to concentrate power in a few hands and for indefinite periods of time? After reading the chapter 1 and 2 and watching the three lectures, I have a basic image of the geography of Italy, a clear sense of the violent origin of the Rome, a detailed image of the structure of Roman Republic and the formation of the Roman army in my mind. As can be seen, the transfer from “monarchy” to “Republic” stands for the long-term anger that people to the Kings’ oppression and corruption, especially the last King Tarquinius Superbus and his son Sexist Tarquinius. In addition, we can simply discover the reluctance of Romans to allow a few people to own power according to the republican system of government. Firstly, the two consuls who balance rights in making laws, assembling Senate and commanding army are elected annually. Secondly, some other magistracies have limited terms of positions as well, such as dictator, aedile. Finally, a law named Lex Licinia Sextia
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