Exam I Review.docx - Chapter 1 Introduction to Security...

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Chapter 1 : Introduction to Security Know about the different reasons for a successful attack – Widespread vulnerabilities, configuration issues, poorly designed software, hardware limitations, enterprise-based issues Know what a zero day is. Distributed attacks, Use of personal devices, and user confusion. Be familiar with the CIA – Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability Know the definition of a threat, threat actor, vulnerability, and risk. – Threat -type of action that has the potential to cause harm. Threat actor -A person or element with power to carry out a threat. Vulnerability -Flaw or weakness that allows a threat agent to bypass security. Risk -A situation that involves exposure to some type of danger. Be familiar with the risk response techniques: Accept, Transfer, Avoid, and Mitigate - Accept – risk is acknowledged but no steps are taken to address it. Transfer – transfer risk to a third party. Avoid identifying risk but making the decision to not engage in the activity. Mitigate
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