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GEOG 1004 CRN 84174 Notes 10.4, 6, 11, 13, 18 & 20.16.pdf

GEOG 1004 CRN 84174 Notes 10.4, 6, 11, 13, 18 &...

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Geography of Population | 10/4, 10/6, 10/11, 10/13, 10/18 & 10/20 a study of population is the basis for understanding a wide variety of issues in human geography. to study the challenge of increasing the food supply, reducing pollution, and encouraging economic growth, geographers must ask where and why a region’s population is distributed as it is Demography Birth Schooling Marriage Childbearing Death Retirement Occupational Choices [From powerpoint slides and what Dr. Oliver said] 20% of the country is rural we’re constantly talking about urban issues—rural people are like ??? what about me? we keep saying that the world is flat…we could think of the US in terms of spikes [map] 95% of Egypt lives within 12 miles of the Nile why do most Canadians live within about 60 miles of the US border? physical geography Laurentian Shield area of rock that prevents farming and easy development extremely mineral rich 80% of northern africa is urbanized more rural distribution in sub-saharan africa Thomas Malthus English economist “an essay on the principle of population" theory on population dynamics and its relationship with the availability of resources two postulates food is necessary to the existence of man the passion between the sexes is necessary and will remain nearly in its present state we will outrun our resources; we will be unable to feed our people because we have too many The Malthusian Trap geometric growth (population) will exceed arithmetic growth (food) believed this gap couldn’t persist indefinitely scarce resources will have to be shared among an increasing number of individuals Population prediction
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subsistence severely limits population level when the means of subsistence increases, population increases population pressures stimulate increases in productivity increases in productivity further population growth since this productivity is unsustainable, what will we have to do to counteract this individual cost/benefit decisions regarding sex, work, and children determine the expansion or contraction of population and production checks wil come into operation as population exceeds subsistence level the nature of these checks will have a significant effect on the rest of the sociocultural system Controlling population positive checks (vice & misery) war famine disease/pestilence/plague infanticide preventive checks (moral restraint) celibacy non-procreative sex contraceptive (Malthus is a clergy-person so this is problematic to him—also taking into account when this info was published) promote homosexuality (Malthus): we should encourage famine and malnourishment to keep the population in check positive because population is curbed Malthusian Crisis has not occurred criticized on several accounts religious view (protestantism) ,racist, and elitist failed to account for improvements in technology did not force demographic transformation the history of population growth and food production since Malthus’ time has been very different from what Malthus predicted
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