Geo Chp.2 Notes for website.doc - Chapter 2 The Nature of...

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Chapter 2- The Nature of Science 2.1- The Scientist’s Mind *Although they come from different backgrounds, scientists share a way of observing the world and solving problems. *Similarities among scientists: - curious - observant: 1 of the greatest strengths of all scientists!! - logical - inquisitive: ask questions - methodical: follow steps and procedures - creative - skeptical *What is the object of scientific study? -to understand the natural world 2.2- Scientific Methods of Inquiry *How do scientists approach questions and, thus, discover and figure out natural phenomenon? - through scientific inquiry ; following the scientific method : the investigation of a natural phenomenon by following a series of different steps. *The general outline of steps includes: a. observe/identify a problem/question b. form a hypothesis (educated guess or tentative explanation) based on evidence (material or data that can be measured and tested to verify results) c. create an experiment/procedure to test your hypothesis d. perform the experiment/gather the data (Create a table, chart, or graph to record your findings.) e. analyze the experiment/data f. share the results/conclusion: by publishing, speaking, joining groups *Why is it important to share your results? - So that others (scientists) may benefit from the knowledge, retest the results, search for more evidence, and/or help support or disprove your results: peer review *But why is reviewing and retesting your results necessary?
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