Research study guide - Exam 1 Exam questions will come from...

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Exam 1 Exam questions will come from module objectives below covering Quantitative research only. Chapters 1, 2, 19 1. Describe the importance of research in the nursing profession. The ultimate goal of formal research is to gain knowledge that would be useful for many people. Nursing research is systematic inquiry designed to develop trustworthy evidence about issues of importance to nurses and their clients. Nursing has experienced profound changes in the past few decades. Nurses are increasingly expected to understand and undertake research, and to base their practice on evidence from Research—that is, to adopt an evidence-based practice (EBP). EBP, broadly defined, is the use of the best evidence in making patient care decisions, and such evidence typically comes from research conducted by nurses and other health care professionals. Nurse leaders recognize the need to base specific nursing decisions on evidence indicating that the decisions are clinically appropriate, cost-effective, and result in positive client outcomes. In the United States and elsewhere, research plays an important role in terms of nursing credentialing and status. The American Nurses Credentialing Center—an arm of the American Nurses Association—has developed a Magnet Recognition Program to recognize health care organizations that provide high-quality nursing care. To achieve Magnet status, practice environments must demonstrate a sustained commitment to EBP and nursing research. Changes to nursing practice are happening every day because of EBP efforts. Why do nurses do research? The general purpose is to answer questions or solve problems of relevance to nursing. Beyond this broad description, several different systems have been devised to classify different goals. We describe two such classification systems—not because it is important for you to categorize a study as having one purpose or the other, but rather because this will help us to illustrate the broad range of questions that have intrigued nurses, and to further show differences between qualitative and quantitative inquiry. Knowledge of nursing research enhances the professional practice of all nurses—including both consumers of research (who read and evaluate studies) and producers of research (who design and undertake studies).You may have the impression that research is abstract and irrelevant to practicing nurses. But nursing research is about real people with real problems, and studying those problems offers opportunities to solve or ameliorate them through improvements to nursing care. Nurses make clinical decisions based on a large repertoire of knowledge. As a nursing student, you are gaining skills on how to practice nursing from your instructors, textbooks, and clinical placements. When you become a registered nurse (RN), you will continue to learn from other nurses and health care professionals. Because evidence is constantly evolving, learning about best-practice nursing will persist throughout your career. Some of what you have learned thus far is based on systematic research, but much of it
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