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midterm.docx - ClaireLyu CHI252 Dr.Yang MidtermExam 3...

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Claire Lyu CHI 252 Dr. Yang 3/11/18 Mid-term Exam 3. What is Lu Xun's critique of Chinese tradition through the voice of the Madman? Why is  this story modern in comparison with earlier fiction such as “The Sea of Regret”? Lu Xun criticizes the traditional values of Chinese culture, whose restrictions on the  human mind are causing strife among its citizens, as is experienced by the Madman character  that believes he is about to be eaten by his fellow villagers and family members. To Lu Xun,  it is obvious that the most holistic representation of traditional China can be found in the  ideals of Confucianism. Specifically, the traditional rituals and morality had the effect of  eating the Chinese people. He equates Confucianism with cannibalism, he argues that the  traditional Chinese culture has significantly influenced by Confucianism, forcing Chinese  people to kill each other, in more ways than one. China was a place without any freethinking  or individualism. For instance, the Madman states that "Wanting to eat men, at the same time  afraid of being eaten themselves, they all eye each other with the deepest suspicion… (14)"  Lu Xun seems to be portraying the traditional Chinese society as one in which one can never  relax, and must do everything that they can to "get to the top," having no regard for those  they may hurt, trample, or "eat," along the way. Comparing to “The Sea of Regret”, Lu Xun applies the modern avant-garde techniques in the Madman’s Diary which made it to be a modern story. He conveys his iconoclastic  thoughts about the sick reality through the use of irony, the wild imagination, and the  symbolic narrative of the Madman, leading the Madman to be considered just that, mad,  when he is actually seeing much more truth than those who are part of the masses. He wants  to awake people from their complacent states. "Perhaps there are still children who haven't  eaten men? Save the children. . . (16)" His hope rests in the future generations and their 
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