SOC 1 Section 3 MT 2 Study Guide.docx

SOC 1 Section 3 MT 2 Study Guide.docx - Chapter 9 Global...

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Chapter 9: Global Inequality; Life in Rich and Poor Countries; Can Poor Countries become Rich; Theories of Global Inequality (e.g., the concept of "Global commodity chains" and how an understanding of such networks gives insight into global (and U.S.) inequalities due to labor, production, and consumption) Chapter 9: Global Inequality; Life in Rich and Poor Countries : Health : · People in high income countries are way healthier than their counterparts. · Low Income lack proper sanitation, drink polluted water, contract infectious diseases. Are more likely to suffer from malnourishment, starvation and famine · The high rates of HIV/ AIDS reflect weakened health. · Because of poor health, People in low income countries die in infancy and are less likely to live to old age (20 years less) · Children die of diseases that are easily treatable in wealthier countries such as measles or diarrhea · Recent improvements have occurred in most middle income and some low income: Infant mortality decrease by half and average life expectancy increased by 10 years due to modern medical technology, improved sanitation, and rising incomes. Hunger, Malnutrition and Famine : · H, M and F have always led to poor health · So many people are on the brink of starvation, 854 million people go hungry everyday, 96% in developing countries. · 146 million of world’s hungry are children under 5. Every five seconds a child dies of hunger. 17 million per year born with low birth weight. · Three- quarters of all malnourished children under age five live in countries that produce a food surplus. · Most famines today are caused by natural and social factors. · Droughts affects an estimated 100 million people. A combination of drought and internal warfare results in wrecked food production, starvation and death. · Conflict and warfare are the main cause of 35 % of food shortages from 1992 to 2003 · The Aids epidemic has also contributed to food shortages and hunger killing working adults thus reducing labor force. Sub-Saharan African hit with this the most. Epidemic can be devastating to nutrition, food security and agricultural production. Entire society’s mobility is affected. · Countries stricken with famine and starvation are too poor for new technologies and for food imports · On the other hand s as hunger grows, food production continues to increase. Education and Literacy · Education and literacy are important routes for economic development. Education contributes to economic growth. People with advanced schooling provide a skillful
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workforce for high wage industries. Education offers an escape from the harsh working conditions and poverty that comes with low wage jobs. Educated people also have fewer children thus slowing the global population explosion that contributes to global poverty.
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