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SOC 1 Exam1 Study Guide.docx

SOC 1 Exam1 Study Guide.docx - Lecture Questions(from...

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Lecture Questions (from Professor’s email) wk 1: Sociological imagination; The application of imaginative thought to the asking and answering of sociological questions. Someone using the sociological imagination “thinks himself away” from the familiar routines of daily life. what sociologists study; SOCIOLOGY: The study of human groups and societies, giving particular emphasis to analysis of the industrialized world. Sociology is one of a group of social sciences, which include anthropology, economics, political science, and human geography. The divisions between the various social sciences are not clear-cut, and all share a certain range of common interests, concepts, and methods. Sociology is the systematic study of human societies with special emphasis on modern, industrialized systems. The subject arose as an attempt to understand the far-reaching changes in human societies over the past two to three centuries. independent and dependent variables, Independent variable: A variable, or factor, that causally affects the dependent variable. Dependent variable: A variable, or factor, causally influenced by another (the independent variable) types of relationships; positive/negative direct relationship ex: as one goes up the other goes up/ as one goes down the other goes down conditional ( does anyone have a defintion for conditional relationships? yes ) ex: the relationship holds true for a particular group (such as girls only)l intervening: works through another variable rather than a direct variable what does it mean to hold constant/control for things in research (think of experiments); regression: attempt to remove mediating variable to better understand correlation control confounding variables to better understand causation why we might think that dating, romantic love, and sex are related to adolescent drug use and serious crime and what evidence we have about these relationships; evidence: romantic love means you are significantly( careful with the word significantly) less likely to be involved in crime (possibly because of social control no time to do the crime) or substance abuse; sexual relations means your are significantly more likely to be involved in crime or substance abuse
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why do we have to think of the issue of selection when we try to understand the relationship between two variables (Think for example of the well documented, positive relationship between attending college and income. How does a concern about selection make you cautious about concluding that the relationship is causal ?) - There can be a selection bias in the sample. ( Selection hypothesis) the variable is pre selected, Social control hypothesis or Social order. can someone explain this more? i do not understand it?
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