LIN study guide #1.docx

LIN study guide #1.docx - Quizlet Flashcads...

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Quizlet Flashcads!!!! 1) What can a Native Speaker do in terms of competence that non-native cannot? 3 things Produce unlimited number of sentences Understand sentences you can hear Make judgment on the sounds and on the meaning 2) Prescriptive Rules vs Descriptive Rules Descriptive: “Be contraction” Descriptive rules describes what people actually do Prescriptive: “Don’t say ain’t” Prescriptive rules are where someone tells you how to use a language. 3) Define Phonetics- The science of speech sounds is called . It aims to provide the set of properties necessary to describe and distinguish all the sounds in human languages throughout the world. -(from textbook) 4) Given 4 consonant sounds and be able to describe them phonetically Manner of Articulation Stops, fricatives , affricates, nasals , liquids, glides Place of Articulation Bilabial, Labio-dental, (inter) dental, alveolar, palatal, velar, glottal Voiced/Voiceless (does it make your throat vibrate or not? :p ) Focus on the STOPS, FRICATIVES and NASALS [p]= voiceless bilabial stop [s]= voiceless, alveolar, fricative ^voice and voiceless. STOPS [p]/[b] [t]/[d] [k]/[g] glottal stop FRICATIVES [f]/[v] [ θ]/[ð] [s]/[z] [ ]/[ ] [h] ʃ ʒ NASALS [m]/[n]/[ŋ] 5) Given 4 vowels focus on clear ones (e.g. not the center ones). High, low, tense etc. (interactive pronunciation chart) [i] - high, front, tense “key” [I] - high, front, lax “sick” [e] - mid, front, tense “face”
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[ε] - mid, front, lax “step” [æ] - low, front, lax “back” [u] - high, back, tense “food” “tomb” “goose” [ ] - high, back lax ʊ “good” [o] - mid, back, tense “goat” [ ] - mid, back lax ɔ “bore” [a] - low, back, tense “father” 6) Sound Spelling inconsistencies phonemes [e] or [u] (maybe also [i]) 4 different spelling possibilities for each [e]= “bait”, “eight”, ate”, “they” “hay” [u]= “Boot”, shoe, move, flew [i]= meet, meat, key, be *** be sure while writing that the “letter” is not in the word. no: [u] > group 7) define phonology Phonology is the sounds of a language and the study of how they form patterns.
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  • Winter '08
  • Rukeyser
  • International Phonetic Alphabet, Stop consonant, voiceless bilabial stop, extant languages

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