LIN-1_Final Study Guide.docx

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- 3e51afa5732d/Handouts/Bound%20Morphology%20in%20Different%20Lgs%201.pdf Does anyone have pictures of trees from 4th assignment? posted below. on #29 Please help contribute! =] 1) Prescriptive Rules vs Descriptive Rules Descriptive: “Be contraction” Descriptive rules describes what people actually do Prescriptive: “Don’t say ain’t” Prescriptive rules are where someone tells you how to use a language. So it prescribes the rules of grammar. (You should do that) - Rule of Be Contraction: You can contract the forms of the verb BE by deleting the initial vowel and attaching the remaining consonant to the preceding subject noun or pronoun. Unless you move or remove the word or phrase immediately following be. 2) Describe four consonant and four vowel sounds by articulation (no mid vowels on the exam) ..................... are the highlighted ones the ones the professor said he is going to put on the final? Yes · Phonetics: Consonants -stops o [p] voiceless bilabial stop & [b] voiced bilabial stop o [t] voiceless alveolar stop & [d] voiced alveolar stop o [k] voiceless velar stop & [g] voiced velar stop -fricatives o [f] voiceless labio-dental fricative & [v] voiced labio-dental fricative o [ ] (th-like in ma ϴ th ) voiceless interdental fricative & [ ] (th-like in ð ð th at) voiced interdental fricative o [ S] voiceless fricative alveolar & [z] voiced fricative alveolar o [ ] (sh) voiceless palatal fricative & [ ] (zh) voiced palatal fricative Ӡ o [h] voiceless glottal fricative - Nasals o [m] voiced bilabial nasal / [n] voiced alveolar nasal / [η] (ng) voiced velar nasal Vowels o [i] high front tense / [u] high back tense / [e] mid front tense / [o] mid back tense / [а] low back tense
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o [I] high front lax / [ ] high back lax / ʊ mid front lax [ε] m/ [ ] & [ ] mid ə central lax / [ ] Mid back lax / ɔ [ ] low front lax ӕ vertical tongue position and horizontal// No mid vowels at all. lax/ tense Know the Obstruent sounds ; classes of sounds three: 1. Stops (p,b,t,d,k,g) 2. Fricatives (f,v, , ϴ ð ð , s,v, ,f ) Ӡ 3. Affricates what does this mean^ does it mean we need to know the manner of, and sound of these 3? i think it just means that we need to know that obstruent sounds are stops, fricatives, and affricates what are the 3 consonants we need to know? the same ones as the midterm? i think we need to know v and g for sure and i dont know what other ones; probably the same ones from the midterm are you sure? doesn’t “know the obstruent sounds” mean to know those 3….and all the manner/place of articulation. 3) Sound to spelling differences Inconsistencies between phonology and writing systems [u]= Boo t, shoe , mo ve, flew , due , too , to , two , throu gh [i]= mee t, mea t, ke y, be, belie ve, peo ple [e]= “bait”, “eight”, ate”, “they” Great Vowel shift caused these inconsistencies.
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  • Winter '08
  • Rukeyser
  • ........., International Phonetic Alphabet, X-SAMPA, John c-command

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