Final Study Guide.docx - Thank you to those of you who...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Thank you to those DEC 13, 2012 of you who contributed, but we still need more please! Let’s all work together to fill in this study guide and ace this test :) I have a question, are we taking the format we asked our TA’s for? Yup! what was the movie we watched in class w/ the african american tow truck guy and the caucasian freaking the flip out when the gang showed up? Grand Canyon (1991) can i just say that these essay topics blow? :/ Agreed. Like a breaching sperm whale. Orange: Book notes Blue: Lecture notes Green: additions and own opinions Chapter 7: Conformity, Deviance, and Crime Ø The Study of Deviant Behavior · Deviance- nonconformity to a set of norms in society. · Deviant Subculture- whose members hold values different from those of the majority · Emile Durkheim- deviance is important in a well-organized society /we become aware of the standards we share as members of a society. · Sanctions- mode of reward or punishment that reinforces socially expected forms of behavior. · Positive -reward for conformity · Negative -punishment for nonconformity · Formal - applied to specific group · Informal- less organized /more spontaneous reactions to nonconformity Ex. Courts and prisons= formal sanctions / students tease friend who study’s instead of partying= informal Biological View of Deviance · Lombroso-explain crime through shape of the skull · Thought crime can be predicated through physical attributes · Such as skull shapes or body physique Psychological View of Deviance · Psychopaths- withdrawn emotionless characters who delight in violence · Although Psychopathic traits do sometimes commit crimes it does not mean that they are inevitably criminal · Both biological and psychological approaches -deviance is a sign of something wrong with the individual and that factors outside the individuals control embedded in body or mind cause the crime · Both are positivist theories- believe that applying scientific methods to the study can
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
reveal its truths Ø Society and Crime: Sociological Theories Functionalist Theories-crime and deviance results from structural tensions and a lack of moral regulation within society. Emile Durkheim- · Believed that crime is caused by an anomie-refers to a situation where social norms lose their hold over individual behavior · Crime and deviance is inevitable · Deviance is necessary for society- 1. adaptive function- introduces new ideas and social challenges 2. promotes boundary maintenance- between good and bad behaviors Merton- · Deviance is a byproduct of economic inequalities · Five possible reactions -to tensions between socially endorsed values and means of achieving them 1. Conformists- accept generally held values and conventional means of realizing them 2. Innovators- accept socially approved values but use illegitimate or illegal means to follow them 3. Ritualists- conform to socially accepted standards although they lost sight of underlying values 4. Retreatists- abandoned the competitive outlook/ reject both the dominant values
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern