U 3 H 4 Rules and structure of syllogism..doc

U 3 H 4 Rules and structure of syllogism..doc - UNIT 3...

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UNIT 3 HANDOUT 4 STRUCTURE OF SYLLOGISM DR. S. DEO STRUCTURE OF SYLLOGISM Syllogism is composed of three propositions. It is a mediate inference in which the conclusion is deduced from the two given premises. The given propositions are called the premises. The proposition which follows is called the conclusion. (Basantani, K.T. Introduction to Logic, 4 th edition.) e.g. All ornaments are highly priced. All highly priced items are valuable. Hence All ornaments are valuable. Syllogism is a deductive inference hence its conclusion cannot assert more than what is asserted by the premises. If the premise is particular, the conclusion cannot be universal. The constituents propositions of the syllogism are analysed into terms. The predicate of the conclusion is called, major term, Subject of the conclusion is called, Minor tem and the term which occurs in both the premises but not in the conclusion is called Middle term. The relation between the middle term and the other two terms may be that of affirmation or negation.
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