Voting Rights War Final -a.docx

Voting Rights War Final -a.docx - Professor Samuels...

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Professor Samuels Political Science 1 31 January 2018 Voting Rights War Essay The first obstacle that African American’s faced was slavery. Elizabeth Key had fought in court for her freedom. After the fact, a law was passed so that any slave of a slave woman was denied the right to vote (Browne, 2016, p. 33). A “Grandfather Clause” was enacted in the South to prevent anyone who was a descendant of a slave relative the right to vote. It was seen in Plessy v. Ferguson in which servitude was challenged . In 1776 all colonies required that voters must own property, be a resident of the state, and twenty-one years of age (Browne, 2016, p. 22). For Black families, property ownership was complicated because they made meager wages. African Americans also fought the court systems. In 1857 Dred Scott v. Sanford ruling took rights away from Blacks. They were unable to keep their citizenship, they had no rights, and they were unable to vote (Browne, 2016, p. 23). Blacks didn’t possess any political rights in the U.S. In 1867 Congress passed the Reconstruction Act adding rights for African Americans to cast their ballot. Still, there was a struggle for them to enact on free speech. In 1870 the Fifteenth Amendment gave them the authority to cast a vote. Congress was able to take back power and create legislation to make sure those rights were enforced (Browne, 2016, p. 16). Whites didn’t like the fact that Blacks had equal rights and, so they lynched and killed them at random. Whenever Blacks would fight back, local authorities increased in numbers to gain control. When they would try to gather for political strategies they would be attacked. The
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