Understanding Music Exam Prep 1.docx

Understanding Music Exam Prep 1.docx - Understanding Music...

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Understanding Music Exam Prep 1 ON LISTENING LECTURE Sensuous plane The sounds themselves. Expressive plane What the sounds mean to you. Sheerly musical plane The musical materials being used. FUNDAMENTALS OF MUSIC PHENOMENA 1 Rhythm The duration of sound events Beat (pulse) Basic unit of time measurement Tempo Rate of speed at which the beat occurs Accelerando Tempo Speeds up Ritardando Tempo slows down Meter (duple,triple,quadruple) Organization of strong and weak beats into a pattern Duple- 2 Triple-3 Quadruple- 4 Simple Meter The beat is divided into 2 equal parts Compound Meter The beat is divided into 3 equal parts Syncopation The accenting of unaccented beats in a meter Symmetrical The meter is consistent and even Asymmetrical The meter alternates between odd and even patterns Mixed Meter The meters change Silence The absence of sound Ametric A lack of discernible meter (Rhythms not related directly to the beat ) Pitch The quality of “highness” or “lowness of a sound” Timbre The color or appearance of a sound
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The Four Elements of of Music 1. Pitch 2. Rhythm 3. Timbre 4. Silence Aspects of Rhythm …. 1. Consider time like a line 1. We refer to rhythms as the sounds happening on that line 2. Sound of specific lengths in specific places b. Beat- basic unit of time measurement 1. Tempo 1. Rate of speed at which the beat occurs 2. Fast Tempo 3. Slow Tempo 4. Accelerando - tempo speed up 5. Ritardadno- tempo slows down ii. Meter 1. Organization of strong and weak beats into a pattern 2. Duple/Triple/ Quadruple 3. Simple Meter -beat divided into 2 equal parts 4. Compound Meter -beat divided into 3 equal parts 5. Symmetrical 1. The meter is consistent and even 6. Asymmetrical 1. The meter alternates between off and even patterns 7. Mixed Meter 1. The meters change 1. Maybe consistently/ Maybe not b. Ametric 1. Lack of discernible meter ii. Syncopation a. Accenting of unaccented beats in a meter Fundamentals of Musical Phenomena (II) Pitch The quality of “highness” or ‘Lowness” of a sound ’ Interval The distance between two pitches Half Step Smallest interval on a keyboard
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Whole Step Two Half Steps Pitch Letter Names C through B (see below) Octave
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