Understanding Music Exam Prep 2.docx

Understanding Music Exam Prep 2.docx - Understanding Music...

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Understanding Music Exam #2 Prep ASPECTS OF EXPERIENCING MUSIC - Terminology Sheet Form The overall structure or plan of a musical work Movement/Section A self contained part of a larger musical work Theme A memorable musical subject, typically a melody. Musical protagonist. Thematic Transformation When the recognizable theme is transformed via the different musical contexts in which it is heard. Motive A short generative musical fragment or idea Organic Unity Involves repetition and creates cohesion based on small ideas Phrase A musical “thought” punctuated by a cadence Cadence The musical punctuation that concludes a phrase Expository A basic functions in a section that introduces material Developmental/ Variation A basic formal function of a section that transforms old music material Transitional A basic formal function of a section that moves between formal events Terminative A basic formal function that concludes a section Structural Phenomena Section divisions: key, tempo, meter or rhythm, dynamics, motive/theme, texture/density, timbre/register Vocal Music Carries language (words), meaning is clearer Lyrics The words that are set in vocal music Song Solo voice(s) with accompaniment
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Female Voice Types Soprano, Mezzo-Soprano, and Alto Soprano High, bright female voice Mezzo-Soprano Mid, rich female voice Alto Low, dark female voice Male Voice Types Tenor, Baritone, and Bass Tenor High, bright male voice Baritone Mid, rich male voice Bass Low, dark male voice Countertenor A male voice that sings in the soprano- mezzo soprano range Treble An unchanged voice with a pure easy timbre A cappella Vocal music sung without instrumental support Choral Music- SATB ensemble The standard “mixed” chorus is four parts (soprano, alto, tenor, bass) Melisma When many pitches are sung on a single syllable Opera A dramatic vocal work with ensemble accompaniment Belting Using the chest voice to sing with power Absolute Music Instrumental music that is free of literal association Program Music Instrumental music that seeks to express non- musical ideas Strings Sounds created by the vibration of a string amplified by a resonating body Winds Sound created by air vibrating through a length of tube
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Brass Sound created with air vibrating through a metallic bore. The tube size is compacted and changes with the playing of valves or slides Keyboard Sound is created via a keyed interface Percussion Sound is created via materials being struck or hit together. Split between pitched (creates sounds of definite pitch) and unpitched (creates sounds of indefinite pitch).
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