Introduction_to_leadership (Part I)-1 (2) (1) (1).ppt

Introduction_to_leadership (Part I)-1 (2) (1) (1).ppt -...

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LEADERSHIP: Part I An Introduction
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The Management Functions
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Category Category Role Role Example Interpersonal Figurehead Attend employee retirement ceremony Leader Encourage workers to increase productivity Liaison Coordinate activities of two committees Informational Monitor Scan Business Week for information about competition Disseminator Send out memos outlining new policies Spokesperson Hold press conference to announce new plant Decision-Making Entrepreneur Develop idea for new product and convince others of its merit Disturbance handler Resolve dispute Resource allocator Allocate budget requests Negotiator Settle new labor contract Table 1.1 Important Managerial Roles
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INTRODUCTION TO LEADERSHIP A good manager is someone who…: ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ A good leader is someone who… : ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ A good follower is someone who…: ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________
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Historically, management was at the forefront well into the 20 th century; then a focus on leadership emerged Bass (1990) “Leadership is one of the world’s oldest preoccupations.” Stogdill (1974) “There are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are persons who have attempted to define the concept.” Leadership is the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of the organization” ( House et al., 1999) influencing others to achieve goals Bass, B. M. (1990). Handbook of Leadership: Theory, research, & managerial applications . New York: Free Press Stogdill, R. M. (1974). Handbook of leadership: A survey of the literature. New York: Free Press. What is Leadership?
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TRAIT THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Early leadership research (pre-1950s) Focused on finding out distinctive and inherent characteristics of great leaders: intelligence, ambition & passion, physical appearance, Evolutionary notions Integrity Desire to lead, Self-confidence More recent research Characteristics of leaders that have been found to predict effectiveness: High energy level and tolerance for stress The Big Five- Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Conscientiousness & Agreeableness Self-confidence Strong sense of duty Strong internal locus of control Emotional stability and maturity Personal integrity Emotional and social intelligence Ability to learn Dominance Most characteristics involve both traits and skills
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Management vs. Leadership Set goals, establish detailed plans, and allocate resources and budgets Provide direction, define a vision, provide strategies for producing change Decide What Needs to Get Done Create a structure, staff, communicate goals, and delegate responsibilities Align people by communicating the direction and building commitment Get People to do What Needs to Get Done Control, monitor and problem solve where deviations from the plan Motivate and inspire effort by appealing to personal values, coaching, and showing support Ensure That The Work Gets Done Critical Need Effective Managers Effective Leaders Kotter, (2001). What Leaders Really Do? HBR , December: 85-96
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