Chapter 1 Study Guide DONE.docx

Chapter 1 Study Guide DONE.docx - Chapter 1 Study Guide...

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Chapter 1 Study Guide: Introduction to Nutritional Science Reading Assignment : Chapter 1 Textbook Nutrition Intro: Students are responsible to learn all of the lecture material including but not limited to the following: Define chronic disease- Disease characterized by slow progression and long duration. and risk factor - A condition or behavior associated with a elevated frequency of a disease but proved to be casual, common risk factors; Obesity, cigarette smoking, high cholesterol, physical inactivity, diet high in fats, and low in fruits and vegetables. Which leading causes of disease have nutrition as a risk factor? Heart disease, cancer, stroke and diabetes mellitus. List the 6 classes of nutrients. Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Define the terms: matter- Anything that takes up space and has mass . elements- A substance composed of atoms that are alike. Example Iron (Fe) nutrients- Chemical substances obtained from food and used in the body to provide energy, structural materials, and regulating agents to support growth, maintenance, and repair of the body’s tissues. Nutrients may also reduce the risk of some disease. Regulation- Growth, maintenance, and repair of body. essential nutrients- Nutrients a person must obtain from food because the body cannot make them for itself in sufficient quantity to meet physiological needs; also called indispensable nutrients. About 40 nutrients are currently known to be essential for human beings.
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