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Comm Chapter notes.docx - Comm notes Communicating in Small...

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Comm notes Communicating in Small Groups chapter 9 Preview: Characteristics Phases of socialization Improving small group communication Chapter 2: Culture and co-cultures are formed when groups of people are placed in the same environment and have shared experiences, which leads to shared aspects of life such as symbols and values. Culture (by the book)- the totality of learned, shared symbols, language, values, and norms that distinguish one group of people from another. o Culture is NOT ethnicity o Culture is NOT nationality Individualistic vs. collectivistic high-context vs. low-context low-power vs. high-power distance masculine vs. feminine monochronic vs. polychronic uncertainty-avoiding vs. uncertainty-accepting Communicating with cultural awareness Chapter 4: how we use language Major concepts: The difference between connotative and denotative o the semantic triangle Language varies in precision o Hayakawa's ladder of abstraction Language and persuasion o anchor of contrast o norm of reciprocity
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o social validation Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis o Linguistic determinism-the structure of language determines how we think o linguistic relativity-because language is so associated with our reality, people tend to perceive the world based on their language o do you believe their hypothesis? what kind of information can you come up with to defend it or reject it? Inferences and Facts Activity 1. DK 2. DK 3. DK. 4. T 5. DK 6. DK 7. DK 8. DK 9. DK 10. DK/T? Chapter 5: Nonverbal communication Major concepts: it all started with Darwin somewhere between 70-93% of meaning is transmitted nonverbally verbal and nonverbal communication are inherently connected 6 ways: o Repeating: nonverbal communication repeats what is said verbally o Conflicting: verbal behavior does not match up with nonverbal message o Complimenting: when nonverbal behavior helps to elaborate on a verbal message-similar to repeating, but not really. Complimenting is necessary in order
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