Lesson12_Bread.txt - How do you make bread 1 Mix the...

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How do you make bread? 1) Mix the ingredients. 2) Knead them together. 3) Fermentation and rising. 4) Baking. What are the ingredients in wheat bread? - wheat flour - water - salt - yeast/leavenings - eggs (optional) - milk (optional) - fats like oil or butter (optional) What is the major difference between all-purpose, bread, pastry, and cake flours? B -- the amount of protein Whole Wheat Flour = 11-15% Protein Content Bread Flour = 12-13% Protein Content All-Purpose Flour = 7.5-12% Protein Content Pastry Flour = 8-9% Protein Content Cake Flour = 7-8% Protein Content What are the major proteins in wheat flours? - glutenins and gliadins -> together form gluten What is TRUE about glutenin and gliadin? Glutenin makes dough and bread elastic. Disulfide bonds are found near the ends or anchors. Weak bonds are found in the elastic middle. Water is necessary for a gluten network. You are in the middle of baking a loaf of bread at home, and the recipe calls for salt. After searching your cupboards, all you can find is sea salt, which contains dissolved minerals, such as calcium and magnesium. If you add sea salt
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  • Fall '08
  • staff
  • Flour, bread flour, glutenin

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