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Obesity among Qatari children updated2.docx

Obesity among Qatari children updated2.docx - Obesity among...

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Obesity among Qatari children
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Introduction Obesity is recognized worldwide as a predisposing factor that has a negative impact on an individual’s health since obesity is associated with different cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. However, the significance of obesity and overweight among young children has not been given particular attention previously. According to the world health organization, obesity and overweight are defined as the accumulation of extra fat and which indeed could impose various health problems (Salman and Ajeel, 2013) According to recent statistical data, it has been reported that the total number of overweight children worldwide is 155 million, which means that 1 in every 10 children is considered to be overweight. Moreover, the number of obese children worldwide was reported to be approximately 30-45 million (WHO, 2004). There are various health-related issues that are linked with obesity. Recent studies have shown that the incidence of health conditions that are linked with obesity is increasing significantly among children adolescents. Some of these health conditions may include type 2 diabetes, which has not been recognized previously. According to Freedman DS et al (2005), the body mass index of children has been shown to be greatly related to adult adiposity and other health problems that are associated with it.
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In order to reduce the incidence of child obesity, the World Health Organization (WHO) works on developing and implementing a new Global Strategy to help children in following a particular diet and other physical activities that would contribute to limiting the incidence of childhood obesity. Statistical data revealed by the World Health Organization estimates that three quarters of worldwide deaths by 2020 will be as a cause of noncommuicable diseases (Mirmiran et.al., 2008). As reported by WHO, there has been a rapid increase in the rate of obesity around the world, where this health issue has been described as “global epidemic”. Moreover, obesity was also found to be linked with other critical health issues such as diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, as some types of cancer diseases (Musaiger A. 2000) The problem of obesity has been going on an increasing pace in Qatar, as well as other countries that belong to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Different studies have been conducted in order to specify the rate of overweight and obesity within the Gulf domain. The results of these studies revealed that obesity is a widely common health issues that could affect people from different age groups and which could include children, adolescents and adults (Al-Muraikhi. A. 2010) During the last decades, Qatar has been experiencing a significant change in socio-economic issues and a rapid change in nutrition style. Some of the factors that may have contributed to this transformation may include the increase in income, and which may have had an impact on changing the lifestyle. Thereby adopting new western concepts such as the rapid increase of consuming fast food, the decrease physical transportation activities and the elevation of leisure time. Due to the above mentioned factors, the rate of obesity and overweight has been
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significantly increased from 3.7 % and 6.3 % respectively during the year of 2002 to 14.7 % and
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