Mind and Brain Review Session 2.docx

Mind and Brain Review Session 2.docx - Review Session...

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Review Session Working memory (phonological loop, VS sketchpad, central executive) o How are the three related? Alan Baddeley Cognitive psychology era “Homunculus” Central executive consolidates information “turn the map, turn here, read this sign” Some material is real, other is more cognitive Combines both VS sketchpad and phonological loop Central executive has goals it wants to solve and uses the two memory types to hold information while the central executive is working Central system that can manipulate and retain information, prioritizes information processing Phonological loop correlated with ability to acquire language and is more necessary for processing o Phonological loop Inner voice when repeating things or reading information Hearing something and then you are asked to repeat; that brief few seconds that you can repeat Articulatory- need to repeat in head to encode in working memory Articulatory suppression breaks/impairs memory formation because articulatory rehearsal is needed Good evidence that it is dissociated from sketchpad Word length effect- time to repeat words has influence Single syllable better than multiple syllable Or repeat at a slower pace Limited time that the phonological loop can retain More about timing than number of syllables o Difference between visual and spatial WM
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