PSYCH
2014 Test-1-ANSWERS.pdf

2014 Test-1-ANSWERS.pdf - Psych 3M03 Motivation and Emotion...

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Psych 3M03 Motivation and Emotion Midterm Test #1 October 6, 2014 1 Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which of the following best describes the relationship between kin selection and nepotism? a) Kin selection is the process of indirect gene replication which evolved through nepotism. b) Nepotism is the tendency to favour relatives which evolved through kin selection. c) Kin selection is the process of indirect gene replication which opposes nepotism. d) Nepotism is the tendency to favour relatives which opposes kin selection. 2. Which of the following best outlines the implications of both Whitney (1969), in their study of squeaking in mice, and Van Abeelen et al. (1967), in their study of dancing in mice? a) Mendelian inheritance ratios are required to study the genetic basis of motivational and emotional traits in laboratory mice. b) Most motivational and emotional traits in simple organisms, such as laboratory mice, are governed by a single gene. c) Certain simple traits in laboratory mice are governed by a single dominant or recessive gene. d) All of the above. 3. The cortex is most difficult to locate in which of the following species? a) Human b) Sheep c) Mouse d) Shark 4. Which of the following best outlines the findings of de Castro (1994) in their study of social influences on hunger, in which participants kept a journal of food and water intake? a) Individuals eat more food alone than with family. b) Individuals eat faster alone than with family. c) Individuals eat less food alone than with friends. d) Individuals eat slower alone than with friends. 5. Orexins are involved in which of the following processes? a) Poison avoidance b) Arousal and wakefulness c) Retention of sodium and water in the kidneys d) Urination and defecation
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Psych 3M03 Motivation and Emotion Midterm Test #1 October 6, 2014 2 6. Centered on the idea of the tabula rasa, what is a key similarity between the philosopher John Locke (1632-1704) and the experimental psychologist John Watson (1878-1958)? a) Both individuals believed that human nature is inherently barbaric and ignorant. b) Both individuals believed that learning and experience shape who we become. c) Both individuals believed that mind and body existed as separate entities. d) Both individuals believed that humans possess one of the richest sets of instincts, our emotions. 7. Which of the following best describes the coefficient of relatedness (r)? a) The degree of all genes shared between related individuals due to evolutionary ancestral descent. b) The degree of chance that two related individuals share any single gene. c) The proportion of unique genes between two related individuals compared to two unrelated individuals. d) The proportion of variable genes shared between related individuals due to recent common descent.
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  • Spring '14
  • DenysDecatanzaro
  • Neurotransmitter

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