take home essay 2.docx - WOH2022 Take Home Essay 2 1 How...

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WOH2022 Take Home Essay 2 1. How did having slaves define the American south? What is the connection between slavery and immigration? In the south, the framers of the constitution treated private property as untouchable and viewed slaves as property. Antislavery sentiment was growing, however, and the states from Delaware north eventually outlawed slavery. In 1809 the United States followed Britain’s lead into outlawing the importation of slaves. Nevertheless, white planters and farmers had material and psychological interest in maintaining black slavery, which brought financial profit and conferred social status and prestige (p.827). The connection between slavery and immigration is that as the demand for labor grew between 1820 and 1860, the forced migration grew of about 650,000 people, in many cases causing the break up of slave families (p.828). 2. What are the various racial categories in Latin America? How do the concepts of race and racism change with immigration? The various racial categories in Latin America were mixed because only some European women immigrated to the colonies, Spanish men formed relationships 1
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with Indian and African women, while African men formed relationships with Indian women. The result of this was a population composed of every possible combination of Indian, Spanish and African blood. The colonies that became Peru and Bolivia had Indian majority while the regions that became Argentina and Chile had more Europeans. Mexico, Colombia had more Indians and Africans and Brazil more Africans (p.815). The pure blood Spanish people, rejected people of mixed blood, particularly those from African descendent. The Peninsulares and Creoles reinforced their privileged status by disliking and disrespecting people who were not white. Besides owners of factories, mines and plantations had vested interest in keeping blacks and Indians in servile positions (p.815). 3. What were Bismarck's goals in crafting the alliance system? What limited his success with these alliances? Bismarck’s goals in crafting the alliance system seemed to be for a good cause, to keep the peace. But Bismarck’s real concerns were, first to keep France diplomatically isolated and without military allies. His second concern was the threat to peace posed by the conflict interests of Austria-Hungary and Russia, particularly in the Balkans, where the Ottoman Empire was losing its grip, leaving a power vacuum. So, Bismarck developed an alliance system to restrain both Russia and Austria-Hungary, to prevent conflict between them, and to isolate hostile France and most of all, to avoid Germany being dragged into war between the two rival empires (p.845). Bismarck’s success was limited with these alliances because at first, Bismarck’s idea of alliance infuriated Russian nationalists, 2
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leaving Bismarck to conclude a defensive military alliance with Austria against Russia in 1879. Later on in 1882, Italy joined Germany and Austria to form the Triple Alliance due to the motivation by tension with France. Bismarck’s plan was
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