Discussion Board 3.docx - Discussion Board 3 The United...

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Discussion Board 3 The United States healthcare industry is the largest and most powerful employer in the nation. It employs at least 13% of the total labor force in the United States. In terms of total economic output, in 2010, the health care sector contributed 18% to the gross domestic product. The health care sector of the United States economy will continue to grow for two main reasons: growth in population which is mainly due to immigration and secondly aging of the population, especially as the baby boom generation hits retirement age (Shi & Singh, 2013). Health care professionals and technicians represent one of the largest occupational groups in the country, with close to 8 million people employed in 2013. Professionals and technicians in health care occupations provide patient care, educate the public, maintain records, and conduct research to advance the field of medicine. As economic and demographic factors have increased demand for health care, most occupations in this field have experienced growth. Yet, income inequality, spatial mismatch, stagnant wages, and the high cost of training remain problematic for many professionals in these occupations (“Health care professionals and technicians”, 2014). Over the years, the services offered and types of health care professionals available are closely linked and as they have started to develop more of a certain type of medicine, they needed more specialists in that area. Health care professionals play a central and critical role in improving access and quality health care for the population. They provide essential services that promote health, prevent diseases and deliver health care services to individuals, families and communities based on the primary health care approach (World health organization, 2016). Health services professionals includes but not limited to physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, optometrists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives and allied health professionals. For the purpose of this assignment let us compare and contrast any two of the health services professionals by discussing the
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roles, training, practice requirements, and practice settings. For this discourse, we will be focusing on Physicians and Nurses.
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