Discussion Board 7.docx - Discussion Board 7 Various terms...

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Discussion Board 7 Various terms are used to describe the populations in the United States that face greater challenges than the general population in accessing health care services and they include terms like “underprivileged”, “medically underserved”, “underserved populations”, “medically disadvantaged” and “American under classes”. For this discussion, we will be calling it the underserved populations. Underserved populations are described in terms of their vulnerability. The causes of their vulnerability are largely attributable to unequal social, economic, health, and geographic conditions. These population groups experience greater barriers to racial or cultural acceptance (Shi & Singh, 2013). Predisposing, Enabling, and Need Characteristics are ways of grouping these areas of vulnerability together and thinking about them. There are certain characteristics that people may have that predispose them to certain levels of vulnerability such as: racial /ethnic characteristics, gender and age characteristics and geographic location. Next you have enabling characteristics and that includes insurance status and homelessness which are situations that can enable or cause vulnerability. Finally we have need characteristics. People who have more needs are more vulnerable like those people with chronic illnesses, disabilities, HIV/AIDS and of course mental health issues. If you don’t need as much health care you are not as vulnerable (Shi & Singh, 2013). Notice how all of these things pile up for example, a homeless person maybe or is more
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