Chapter 2 Theories of Development.doc - Chapter 2 Theories...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 2: Theories of Development The Growing Child by Denise Boyd & Helen Bee 1. Who founded psychoanalytic theories? Viennese physician Sigmund Freud 2. According to Freud, what is the libido? It’s an internal drive for physical pleasure; the motivating force behind most behavior. 3. Do most victims of abuse as young children remember the event? Freud claims that childhood trauma is often intentionally forgotten. 4. Why did Erik Erikson call his stages ‘psychosocial’ rather than ‘psychosexual’? Because he puts more emphasis on the cultural demands associated with children’s age. 5. Describe Erikson’s stages up to and including adolescence. What ages did he associate with each? Birth to 1 year – Trust versus mistrust – Hope 1 to 3 – Autonomy versus shame and doubt – Independence 3 to 6 – Initiative versus guilt – Purpose 6 to 12 – Industry versus inferiority – Competence 12 to 18 – Identity versus role confusion -- Fidelity 6. How do psychoanalytic theories change how we might think of “good parenting”? That “good parenting” requires the parent to adapt to the changing child. 7. What is behaviorism? Who was one of the first behaviorists? Behaviorism is the view that defines development in terms of behavior changes caused by environmental influences. John Watson was the first behaviorist. 8. Describe classical conditioning. What is an unconditioned stimulus and a conditioned stimulus? Classical conditioning is learning that results from the association of stimuli. Unconditional stimulus is some that come naturally without having to be learned and conditioned stimulus is that is learned. 9. Describe the study John Watson conducted to show that classical conditioning can describe acquisition of fears. In Watson’s study, what was the unconditioned stimulus? Conditioned stimulus? He exposed a child to sudden loud noises while he played with a white rat, as a result of pairing of the rat with the noise he would cry hysterically at the sight of
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
the rat. The child became scared of other white, fluffy objects such as rabbit, a fur coat, and a Santa Claus Mask. The unconditioned stimulus is hearing the sound. The conditioned stimulus is the fear of the white rat.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern