Chapter 1 Basic Concepts and Design.doc

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts and Design.doc - Chapter 1 Basic...

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Chapter 1: Basic Concepts and Methods The Growing Child by Denise Boyd & Helen Bee 1. Explain the three philosophical views of human nature, who is associated with each, and what each implied for parents and teachers. Original Sin, is that all humans are born with a selfish nature, Augustine of Hippo The Blank Slate, empiricism; that adults can mold children into whatever they want them to be, John Locke Innate Goodness, that all human beings are naturally good and seek out experiences that help them grow, Jean Jacques Rousseau 2. What are norms? Which researcher first focused on these? What period of development was first identified because of her/his work? Norms – average ages at which developmental milestones are reached By G. Stanley Hall The study of child development 3. What’s involved in the cognitive domain of development? Changing in thinking, memory, problem-solving, and other intellectual skills are included in cognitive domain. 4. What is the Denver Developmental Screening? What does it do? It is a norm-referenced test of infants and early childhood development. Norm- reference tests compare an individual child’s performance to that of others of the same age group. 5. Describe what marks the beginning and end of each period of development and the approximate ages for each. Conception to birth – prenatal period Birth to 2 years old – infancy, begins at birth and ends with children begin to use language to communicate. 2 to 6 years old – early childhood, begins with language to communicate and ends with starting school. 6 to 12 years old – middle childhood, begins at starting school and ends with puberty 12 to 18 years old – adolescence, begins with puberty and ends depending on what culture you reference. 6. Do most psychologists believe nature or nurture has a stronger influence on development? Psychologist have moved away from either/or approaches toward more subtle ways of looking at both types of influences.
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7. Do the authors believe the baby is a blank slate at birth? NO, babies seem to start life prepared to seek out and react to particular kinds of experiences.
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