New Religions Japan.docx

New Religions Japan.docx - New Religions Japan Japanese New...

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New Religions Japan Japanese “New Religions” Soka Gakkai (Ian Reader) Tenrikyo Mahikari Agonshu Reiyukai Kurozumi-kyuo Shinjin shumeii kai Kofuku no kagaku Bringing in a new problem using past religions. The context for the arising of new religions: Late 19 th century Meiji restoration 1920’s pronounced economic depression that ran rampant (catastrophic for japan) Fed with new energy around 1945 (end of world war II) large urban areas were destroyed. Japanese Emperor has to go on tv and has to say he’s not a deity (not a divine figure) Good side: Material and economic success (once you have all the economic wealth that you want, people were looking for something else) Common Characteristics of New religious groups: Bringing the past with them, but also responding to new religions Ancestor worship o Drawing on things equally on the past as they are responding to new things Founders are Faith healer o Start off healing themselves or someone close to them, a tale of them curing themselves from an incurable disease These founders also tend to be women o Pejorative treatment of women/ in new religious you have a reaction to the traditional mistreatment of women. New religious actively proselytize o Use new technologies to actively proselytize Focus on conversion experience o Get the practioner to have a transformative experience, usually has a deep moral or ethical elemnt to it. Reading “correcting your heart, and look at their behavior to decide how you should transform yourself” Focus on Ethics NO clear separation of Clergy and laity
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o Historically there was a clear separation btween clergy and laity, always a hierarchy in place. New religious groups do not.
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