L11 Reading Notes PSYCH111.docx

L11 Reading Notes PSYCH111.docx - L11 Reading...

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L11 Reading Notes (PSYCH111) Personality o An individual’s characteristic style of behaving, thinking, and feeling. In general, explanations of personality differences are concerned with: o Prior events that can shape and individual’s personality o Anticipated events that might motivate the person to reveal particular personality characteristics. Self-report o A method in which people provide subjective information about their own thoughts, feelings, or behaviors, typically via questionnaire or interview. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) o A well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess personality and psychological problems. Projective Tests o Tests designed to reveal inner aspects of individuals’ personalities by analysis of their responses to a standard series of ambiguous stimuli. Rorschach Inkblot Test o A projective technique in which respondents’ inner thoughts and feelings are believed to be revealed by analysis of their responses to a set of unstructured inkblots. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) o A projective technique in which respondents’ underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world are believed to be revealed through analysis of the stories they make up about ambiguous pictures of people. Gordon Allport o One of the first trait theorists o Believed people could be described in terms of traits just as an object could be described in terms of its properties. Trait o A relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and consistent way. Big Five o The traits of the five-factor personality model: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.
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