hinduism-I-text.doc - INDIA AND HINDUISM AN OUTLINE OF...

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INDIA AND HINDUISM - AN OUTLINE OF DATA (1991) I. People of India in the World Today A. U.S. 1. Fourth largest Asian ethnic minority (after Chinese, Japanese, and Filipinos): 815,447 a. NY (140,985); CA (159,973) b. esp. NYC, Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, Philadelphia, San Francisco Bay 2. prominent in medicine, law, and engineering, aerospace research, business, and the arts 3. 5,000+ faculty, esp. in science and engineering B. India 1. 843,930,861 (1991); 2d only to China 2. 40% under 15; may surpass China in next century C. Global 1. 16% of world population, moving toward 20% 2. not all prosperous, e.g., S. Africa, Malaysia D. About India 1. 18 official languages in addition to English 2. 40% speak Hindi 3. 3%, English 4. 325 languages in 12 families with 24 scripts 5. Hindu orthopraxy unites all: pervasive sense of Indianness a. ritual bathing b. eating habits c. familial obligations d. marital practices (when and whom to marry) e. regional associations f. choosing and interacting with friends 6. major religions of India (1991 Census) a. Hindu, 83% (700,000,000) b. Muslim, 10.9% (92,000,000) c. Christian, 2.4% (20,000,000) II. Development of Hinduism in India A. The Indus Valley Period, 3000-1500 BCE 1. phallus-shaped stones 2. female figurines-fertility cult, Magna Mater B. The Brahmanical Period, 1500-600 BCE 1. seminomadic warrior tribes immigrate a. Aryans/Aryas, “noble ones” 2. brought form of Sanskrit, Old Indic or Vedic Sanskrit, which developed into classical Sanskit 3. patrilinear centered around three social functions: priests , warriors, and food-gatherers-developed
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