SWIDLER ESSAY AND DECLARATION.doc

SWIDLER ESSAY AND DECLARATION.doc - FOR ALL LIFE TOWARD A...

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FOR ALL LIFE TOWARD A UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF A GLOBAL ETHIC AN INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE L EONARD S WIDLER Editor With Michael Kogan Khalid Duran Moojan Momen Zhao Fu San Kana Mitra Chung Ok Lee Shu-hsien Liu Brian Victoria Ingrid Shafer John Hick
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Mutombo Nkulu N’Sengha
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©White Cloud Press, 1999
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TABLE OF CONTENTS TOWARD A UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF A GLOBAL ETHIC ....................................... Leonard Swidler EXPLANATORY REMARKS CONCERNING A DECLARATION OF THE RELIGIONS FOR A GLOBAL ETHIC .................................... THE PARLIAMENT OF THE WORLD’S RELIGIONS’ DECLARATION TOWARD A GLOBAL ETHIC .................................. THE INTERACTION COUNCIL’S UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RESPONSIBILITIES ....................................... THE AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES’ RIGHTS AN AFRICAN CONTRIBUTION TO THE GLOBAL ETHIC PROJECT .............................. Mutombo Nkulu N’Sengha TOWARD A UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF A GLOBAL ETHIC A PROTESTANT COMMENT ................................. John Hick TOWARD A UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF A GLOBAL ETHIC A JEWISH COMMENT ......................... Michael Kogan A DRAFT OF A GLOBAL ETHIC A MUSLIM PERSPECTIVE .................................................... Khalid Duran TOWARDS A UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF A GLOBAL ETHIC A BAHA’I RESPONSE ...................................... Moojan Momen FOR DIALOGUE ON A GLOBAL ETHIC: A CONFUCIANIST/TAOIST VIEW ............................. Zhao Fu San REFLECTIONS ON APPROACHES TO UNIVERSAL ETHICS FROM A CONTEMPORARY NEO-CONFUCIAN PERSPECTIVE ............................. Shu-hsien Liu A HINDU DIALOGUE ON A GLOBAL ETHIC .................................. Kana Mitra
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A WON BUDDHIST PERSPECTIVE ON A GLOBAL ETHIC ................................................. Chung Ok Lee A SOTO ZEN PERSPECTIVE ON A GLOBAL ETHIC ............................................................ Brian Victoria TOWARD A UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF A GLOBAL ETHIC A CATHOLIC PERSPECTIVE .................................... Ingrid Shafer A DIALOGIC RESPONSE ................................................................... Leonard Swidler
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TOWARD A UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF A GLOBAL ETHIC L EONARD S WIDLER Humans tend to group themselves in communities with similar understandings of the meaning of life and how to act accordingly. For the most part, in past history such large communities, called cultures or civilizations, have tended on the one hand to live unto themselves, and on the other to dominate and, if possible, absorb the other cultures they encountered. For example, Christendom, Islam, China. I. THE MEANING OF RELIGION (IDEOLOGY) At the heart of each culture is what is traditionally called a Religion, that is: “An explanation of the ultimate meaning of life, and how to live accordingly.” Normally all religions contain the four “C’s”: Creed, Code, Cult, Community-structure, and are based on the notion of the Transcendent. Creed refers to the cognitive aspect of a religion; it is everything that goes into the “explanation” of the ultimate meaning of life. Code of behavior or ethics includes all the rules and customs of action that somehow follow from one aspect or another of the Creed . Cult means all the ritual activities that relate the follower to one aspect or other of the Transcendent, either directly or indirectly, prayer being an example of the former and certain formal behavior toward representatives of the Transcen- dent, like priests, of the latter.
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