PSY 201 STUDY GUIDE 1.docx - Psychology 201 Study Guide 1 1...

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Psychology 201 Study Guide 1 1. What is Psychology? a. Psychology is the scientific field of examine mental processes. (Emotion, motivation, cognition) and behavior. Inner expression. Greek for life ( soul, life) 2. Psychology vs psychiatry a. Psychiatry is a branch of medicine dealing with diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. Medical doctor b. Psychology is a scientific field of examining mental processes and behavior. 3. Psychotic, psychic, psychopath, psycho, psychedelic, psychoanalysis a. Psycho: informal, non-scientific term for “crazy”, violent, psychologically unstable and highly dangerous. b. Psychic: a person who is believed to be capable of extraordinary mental processes, such as extrasensory perception and mental telepathy. c. Psychoanalysis: the theory and method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud and based on an analysis of unconscious impulses. d. Psychotic: A person with symptoms of psychosis These symptoms include hallucinations and delusions. e. Psychopath: A person with the symptoms of antisocial personality disorder manifested in aggressive, perverted, criminal, or amoral behavior without empathy or remorse. f. Psychedelic: A term referring to distortions of perception, altered states of awareness, or hallucinations typically produced by or associated using drugs. g. Psychologist: a person educated and trained to perform psychological research, teaching, testing, and therapy. 4. Plato’s 3 levels of the soul: a. Rational Soul- thinking, analyzing and weighs the best overall option b. Affective Soul- anger when perceived, facing and overcoming challenges, winning, honor c. Desirous Soul- desires, pleasures 5. Wilhelm Wundt a. Founder of first psychological lab in Germany. 6. Introspection a. Systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that requires people to inspect and report on the content of their thought. 7. John Watson a. Emphasized that psychology should be studied like a science. Goal of psychology should be to describe, predict, and control human behavior. Challenged introspection and free association. He developed behaviorism that highlighted environmental effects on behavior. 8. Sigmund Freud a. Deduced that much of human behavior is determined by mental processes operating below the level of conscious awareness. Developed psychoanalysis – involved trying to bring the contents of a patient’s unconscious into conscious awareness so conflicts can be dealt with. Used methods of free association (allowing pts to talk about whatever to reveal unconscious conflicts)
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b. Studied human fascination with death, study emotional experiences of children, and human sexuality. 9. Pseudo-Psychology a. Unscientific approach to psychology ex: palm reading 10. Nature vs Nurture a. Arguments debating whether psychological characteristics are biologically innate or acquired through education, experience, and culture.
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