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Running Head: Amazon Rainforest 1 Amazon Rainforest Name Institutional Affiliation Date Amazon Rainforest
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Amazon Rainforest 2 Question 1 The ecosystem to be covered in tis assignment is the Amazon rainforest. The Amazon stretches over 9 different countries. The biggest portion of Amazon, estimated to be 60 percent, is found in Brazil, 13 percent of it is in Peru, while Colombia has about 10 percent of the forest (Heinrichs, 2013). Other countries where the Amazon is found include Ecuador, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world, and covered a huge portion of South America, covering an estimated 2.1 million square miles of land (Heinrichs, 2013). Moreover, the Amazon represents half of the remaining rainforest in the world today, and has the largest and the most diverse tropical ecosystem. Heinrichs (2013) notes that the forest has over 16,000 different species and over 390 billion trees. Today, conservation efforts are taking a new significance, following increased human activities in the forest. Question 2 Three factors have contributed to the unique ecosystem of the Amazon; its diverse landscape, proximity to the equator and the stable climate. As a result, Amazon has one of most diverse ecosystems in the world, with thousands of different species. The trees plays and important role in the survival of animal and human beings. Watson (2012) notes that the Amazon produces 20 percent of the earth’s oxygen, a characteristics that makes the amazon an important factor for the survival of the animals and human beings. The trees in the Amazon plays an important role in the cleaning the atmosphere by taking in carbon dioxide, which it uses in the process of photosynthesis to provide their own food.
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Amazon Rainforest 3 Another important feature of the Amazon has to be the various rivers flowing through it, and creating a unique mosaic of plants and animals. The largest river is the Amazon River, the second largest in the world, and stretches over 4,000 miles (Watson, 2012). We have three kinds of ecosystem influenced by rivers; The Varzea which are forests that grow on floodplains, Terra
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