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6 pages human trafficking.doc

6 pages human trafficking.doc - Surname 1 Name...

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Surname 1 Name Institutional Affiliation Date Traditional Approach to Human Trafficking In most countries of the world, the criminal justice system deals with the issue of human trafficking in much the same way. This approach requires that the victim be first identified, and from then, a number of processes kicks off until the trafficker is arrested and prosecuted (Kempadoo, Sanghera and Pattanaik 48). Unless victim is identified, it may not be easy to prove the offence in the court (Ruggiero 240). Information about possibility of human trafficking cases will normally come to the attention of law enforcement authorities through reports from the public. Sometimes, police officers also do follow intelligence reports to burst human trafficking networks and make arrests of victims and perpetrators. Therefore, normally, the first stage is to have the victim, then from there on, build the case against the perpetrators. Ottisova, Hemmings and Howard (326) notes that once the police have identified a victim, then will then present the issue to the prosecutors who will then have to decide whether there exist enough evidence to be able to open a case or issue an indictments. The cooperation between the police and prosecutor is important as far as building a strong case against the human traffickers and their networks is concerned. This is due to the fact that as the police build their case through further investigation in the matter, new pieces of evidence may come up materials, and will have to be added to the file. In any case, prosecutors so not conduct investigation, but do determine whether available evidence can sustain the
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Surname 2 charges preferred (Kempadoo, Sanghera and Pattanaik 48). If the prosecutor is satisfied that he has enough evidence, then the follows up with filing the case in the court where the judge will listen to both sides and make a determination. In the event a weak case is presented in court, the court may acquit the defendants. Depending ion investigating authority, the human trafficker can be arrested at any time from the point the victim was identified. This means that by the time the case if filed in court, the human trafficker will most certainly be in custody. It is standard practice in many democratic societies that the accused must be present in the court when the case is being prosecuted. However, in some jurisdictions, the case can still proceed even in the absence of the accused, if there is sufficient evidence that the accused is fleeing from justice (Ottisova, Hemmings and Howard 322).
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